30 Bananas a Day!

So I'm doing an extended essay on veganism this year for my IB Diploma in high school. To be more specific, the essay is about the various reasons or arguments for living a vegan lifestyle and eating a vegan diet (reasons including ethical/morality, the environment, culture/tradition, health, etc.) I've only done a draft last year and it isn't even a finished one because I was writing it only a day or two before the due date because I was swamped with work from other classes. Anyway I'm just going to copy and paste it here for anyone that's interested to read, and I'm completely open to any advice, corrections, and criticism that anyone has to offer. With that said, I'd also like to add that I'm going into my senior year of high school and I am definitely not an excellent writer so I apologize that this essay may not be what's expected or anything great. I have an advisor from school that I've submitted this to in May but she hasn't contacted me to give me feedback yet so I really don't know how bad or how good it is. I wrote this essay in google docs so the format that it will be here isn't the exact same it was in, it looks better the way it was. I believe that the essay needs probably a lot of work because to me it sounds too biased and overly persuasive rather than informative and knowledgeable. Any help is appreciated and thank you very much to anyone who takes the time to read it and comment on it :)

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Bree O’Mahony

April 29, 2014

 

A. Research Question

 

What Are The Various Reasons (Ethical, Cultural, Health, Environmental, etc.) Why People Choose a Vegan

Lifestyle?

 

     Originally the topic was going to be only a comparison of two diets or the only various

 

health reasons for going vegan. In attempt to formulate more of a well-focused knowledge

 

question capable of being answered in conclusion, I narrowed the topic to something still broad

 

within itself and tried to put it in more of a global context.

B. Introduction

 

     A vegan, in the general context, is someone that abstains from consuming or using meat or

 

any animal product such as dairy, eggs, and animal derived substances. However, it is not only a

 

diet decision - it comes with a set of beliefs that rejects the commoditization of animals and

 

promotes the idea that man should live without exploiting animals.(Wikipedia, “Veganism”) This

 

includes diet, clothing, entertainment, and transportation. They do not consume poultry, beef,

 

pork, fish, eggs, milk, or honey. Nor do they wear anything derived from a killed/harmed animal

 

such as leather, suede, wool, ivory, silk, or feathers. Vegans also do not purchase any products

 

that contain animal products or ingredients tested on animals, and often most vegans do not

 

support zoos, rodeos, circuses, or aquariums. (Nathan Schneider, “Introduction to Veganism”)

 

There can be strictly dietary vegans, someone that abstains from merely the consumption of all

 

animal products but may not necessarily implement the overall philosophy to other areas of their

 

lives and may still be okay with the use of animal products for other purposes.

 

     Although the overall philosophical concept of veganism is of ethical reasoning, vegan

 

people all have various personal, independent, and shared reasons and justifications to why they

 

choose to live the lifestyle that they do and what drives them to do so. Throughout my research, I

 

have found that there are ethical/humane, health-related, cultural, and environmental reasons why

 

people choose a vegan lifestyle. The purpose of this essay is to introduce and explain each type

 

of reasoning and the justifications, or facts for each.

 

C. Content

 

     The most common reason why people adopt a vegan diet and lifestyle is the belief that it is

 

unethical to exploit, slaughter, and consume or use other sentient, living beings. The beliefs behind

 

this is that we should not unnecessarily cause suffering or kill any animal, including for food, and

 

that our tradition and convenience of slaughtering animals is not morally correct. Vegans that argue

 

for the ethical reasoning, sometimes called “ethical vegans” believe that the act of harming

 

nonhuman animals for our own benefit is speciesism and they are in disagreement against this

 

concept of humankind being superior to other species and thus being justified to exploit other

 

animals as they please. Animals are thought to have natural rights, such as the right to live a full life

 

without unnecessary suffering. This has been in debate against people that believe to have rights,

 

one must also have responsibility, rational, language, etc. The majority of vegans see this argument

 

to be flawed with the justifications that we do not deny moral consideration to the mentally ill or

 

challenged, physically incapable, handicap, or infants and that we should not base our

 

considerations on hierarchy of sentience or intelligence. (“Ethical Reasons For Going Vegan”)

 

      The reasons why killing and using other animals for the purpose of consumption and other

 

purposes are thought to be unnecessary in the terms of ethical veganism is because humans can

 

obtain all of the adequate nutrition they would get through an omnivorous diet, with an exception

 

of vitamin B12 which many meat eaters are also deficient in but that there are supplements for, in a

 

vegan one that is healthy with adequate amounts of fruits, vegetables, and grains. Many vegans

 

also argue that an omnivorous diet is not the natural diet suitable for humans but that it is a learned

 

behaviour and traditional way of eating. The justifications for this are that humans natural instinct,

 

often observed in children, is to be compassionate with other animals instead of showing

 

carnivorous or omnivorous behaviour which would be to attack and consume the animal in it’s

 

raw state. Also, humans do not possess the same characteristics of carnivores and omnivores seen

 

in nature but rather we do show characteristics of herbivorous/frugivorous animals such as well

 

developed facial muscles including masseter and pterygoid muscles as opposed to carnivores and

 

omnivores who have less developed facial muscles which only include temporalis muscles for a

 

wide mouth. We have an elaborate jaw capable of side-to-side and front-to-back motion compared

 

to a restrictive jaw designed to swallow prey whole and only rip flesh. Humans have similar teeth

 

to herbivores which include broad, flat incisor teeth, small “canine” teeth, and flattened molars

 

with nodular cusps that allow for grinding of plant fibers. We possess carbohydrate-digesting

 

enzymes in our saliva which carnivores and omnivores do not have and we also contain the same

 

enzymes in our stomachs as herbivores rather than the ones carnivores and omnivores have, and

 

we have a higher pH in our stomachs and extremely long intestinal tracts as opposed to short

 

intestines and colons that allow meat to pass through the body quickly and high acidity to

 

decompose meat quickly and kill bacteria efficiently without cooking. (Dr. David Collison, “Human

 

Anatomy & Physiology”) Not only is consuming animals or animal products unnecessary, but

 

wearing their fur and other forms of animal exploitation are arguably not a necessity with all of the

 

other fabrics and substitutes available.

 

      Not only the act of consuming and using another animal is viewed as unethical but the

 

process is not so humane either.  The living conditions and treatment of animals within factory

 

farms, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs), dairy farms, and slaughterhouses is one

 

of the ethical reasons why people adopt a vegan lifestyle. Hundreds of animals are confined in

 

warehouses in crowded spaces and cages with so little room that they can barely turn around or lie

 

down. Their living conditions are unsanitary and filthy - covered in faeces, waste, and dead or

 

nearly dead, sick animals. They are deprived of sunlight, fresh air, and exercise and are injected

 

with drugs and hormones to genetically alter them and produce more flesh, eggs, and milk for

 

human consumption. Some of them are fattened up so much they can barely stand or walk.

 

Female dairy cows are impregnated continuously in “rape racks” (“Factory Farms”, A Well-Fed

 

World) and their offspring are removed from them to be either raised to be slaughtered for meat or

 

to produce milk. Cows are also branded (burned), detailed, and dehorned, and chicks and chickens

are debeaked. The people handling the animals are often not very nice to them either. There

 

have been multiple cases of people in factory farms and slaughterhouses abusing animals by

 

jabbing and stabbing them with sharp objects, kicking and hitting them, dragging them with hooks,

 

raping them, and other disturbing things. Most ethical vegans argue that there is simply no humane

 

way to killing an animal regardless of what way you do it but a lot of times, animals in

 

slaughterhouses suffer a slow, extreme, painful death and are fully conscious and aware of what is

 

going on to themselves and other animals around them.

 

     The second most common reason why people go vegan is the health factor. There is no

 

one vegan diet, just like a meat eater or omnivorous diet could consist of anything and can

 

range from anywhere health-wise. However, most of the United States and other regular countries

 

that have fast food restaurants and regular consumption of meat and dairy also have high rates of

 

adult and child obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and other conditions

 

that have been linked to diet. Animal meat, dairy, and eggs are high in fat and dietary cholesterol. It

 

is purely all saturated fat which clogs arteries and raises cholesterol levels in the blood, increasing

 

the chance of stroke and heart disease. The average American consumes twice as much

 

protein as necessary for a healthy diet (“57 Health Benefits of Going Vegan”). The World Health

 

Organization (WHO) recommends, with a wide safety margin, that women and men get 5% of

 

their daily calories as protein. That would be 38 grams for a man that consumes 3,000 calories a

 

day and 29 grams for a woman that consumes 2,300 calories a day (John McDougall, “Where Do

 

You Get Your Protein?”) , which is relatively easy to get and almost impossible not to get

 

provided that the recommendation for total daily calories are being met, even with a vegan diet. A

 

diet high in protein is often times associated with high intakes of total fat and cholesterol and are

 

also restrictive in other nutrients such as carbohydrates (“Dietary Protein and Weight Reduction”,

 

AHA Nutrition Committee) which is the body’s main source of energy and is needed for proper

 

muscle tissue development and cellular function.

 

     Animal products are also high in acidic content, which is bad for bone and teeth strength

 

and development, can cause conditions such as acid reflux and leaky gut syndrome, and also

 

creates a favorable environment for cancer cells and bacteria. The way the body compensates for

 

high acidity in the body is by pulling minerals out of the bones and tissues which can lead to

 

thinner/weaker bones and lower muscle mass longterm. Although milk and cheese contain

 

calcium, they are also high in acidity and the countries with the highest consumption of milk and

 

dairy are also the highest in rates of osteoporosis and vise-versa, the countries with the lowest

 

consumption of dairy have the lowest bone fracture and osteoporosis rates. Dairy products have

 

also been found to have a link to increased risks of ovarian, prostate, and other cancers because it

 

increases Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (“New Study: Increased Milk Intake Does NOT Protect

 

Against Osteoporosis”, Jeff Nelson) which increases the chance of these cancers.

 

     Other health concerns related to the consumption of animal products are antibiotics,

 

hormones, mercury in fish and seafood, diseases from contamination such as E.Coli, Salmonella,

 

and Mad Cow Disease, as well as other contaminants. A large amount of animals are given

 

antibiotics due to their unsanitary living conditions in factory farms and eventually develop

 

resistance strains. These drugs can get into the bodies of humans that consume the animals which

 

can cause more severe illnesses and resistance towards antibiotics to treat the illnesses. These

 

animals are also injected with hormones to help them grow faster, get fatter, and produce more

 

milk and there are also naturally occurring hormones such as Oestradiol, Progesterone and

 

Testosterone. These hormones transfer to humans when consumed, disrupting our hormone

 

balance and causing a variety of complications such as developmental problems, reproductive

 

issues, and even cancers.

 

     There are also risks in contamination and contracting disease and illness from beef and

 

other meats because of bacteria and decomposition. Cooking often kills off enough of the bacteria

 

to be safe for humans to eat but sometimes that isn’t always the case and just a tiny amount can

 

make a person severely ill and can even kill a person. From 2009-2010, there were 29,444 cases of

 

foodborne illnesses and 23 deaths. (“Tracking and Reporting Foodborne Disease Outbreaks”)

 

E.Coli and Salmonella are the predominant pathogenic illnesses and they are extremely severe. This

 

bacteria can be spread to other non-meat items too if it is prepared next to or somehow in contact

 

with it. One of the ways meat is disinfected in packaging and processing factories is by spraying it

 

with ammonium hydroxide. Too much of this vapor can be harmful, causing irritation to eyes and

 

lungs and if consumed, can cause burns to the mouth, throat, and stomach (“Q&A About

 

Ammonium Hydroxide”). Mad Cow Disease is another concern, it is a fatal neurological disease in

 

cattle which is caused by feeding cows other dead animals and bones. It can be transmitted to

 

humans if traces of infected cow’s spinal cord and tissue are consumed. Although very rare, it is a

 

risk that is fatal.

 

      In fish and seafood, methylmercury is the big risk factor. Mercury accumulates and

 

magnifies in the body, so even relatively low amounts in fish can become large amounts if

 

consumed regularly or from time to time. Almost all of the fish and shellfish consumed have

 

mercury in them, and there is a way of testing how much is in the fish but often times it is still put

 

on the market if it is a higher concentration than is allowed. Mercury has toxic effects on the

 

nervous, digestive, and immune systems, and on the lungs, kidneys, skin, and eyes (“Mercury and

 

Health”, WHO) Exposure can cause neurological symptoms such as paresthesia, ataxia,

 

dysarthyria, hearing defects, and death, and has also been associated with developmental delays in

 

children whose mothers were exposed during pregnancy (“Exposure Assessment for

 

Methylmercury from Seafood”, FDA) The more seafood and fish is consumed, the more of the

 

chance of getting methylmercury poisoning and these effects are higher and the more

 

methylmercury is increased in the body.

 

       Although it is absolutely possible to have an unhealthy diet and still be vegan with the many

 

high fat and high sodium foods available, people that switch from the “standard American diet” to

 

a vegan one due to health conscious reasoning often improve their health by switching to a diet

 

that is high in vegetables, fruits, and grains. Studies and individual’s blood tests have shown that

 

plant-based diets have lowered the risks of the many common diseases that people have been

 

suffering from with a diet consisting highly of animal fat and dairy. Many people have helped their

 

conditions by following a vegan diet and some doctors recommend it to their patients with heart

 

diseases, obesity, diabetes, etc.

 

      Another reason why some people may be vegan or choose to follow a vegan diet and/or

 

lifestyle is culture, religious beliefs, or societal influences. Veganism and vegetarianism have long

 

diverse histories that can date back all the way to 580 BCE with Pythagoras, and Egyptian religious

 

groups in around 3,2000 BCE followed vegetarian ideology such as abstinence from flesh and

 

wearing of animal derived clothing upon karmic beliefs in reincarnation (“World History of

 

Vegetarianism”). In some countries and places today, it is common for people to be vegetarian or

 

vegan. Sometimes people in these countries cannot afford meat as it is more of a luxury for the

 

wealthier people of the country. Instead, they buy cheap starches and vegetables like rice and

 

potatoes and if not vegans or vegetarians, have only occasional little amounts of meat. India,

 

China, and Thailand have been the predominant vegetarian or vegan countries. Several religions in

 

these countries do not condemn the killing and eating of animals but it is viewed as impure and

 

cruel, and other religions such as some forms of Buddhism incorporate vegetarian diet to refrain

 

from killing and controlling one’s subservience to the senses (“Vegetarianism by Country”). Many

 

religions around the world have practices and ideas of non-violence, and compassion towards

 

other sentient beings and other veganistic values which may or may not conclude in their followers

 

to live vegan or vegetarian lifestyles. India has the highest vegan and vegetarian populations,

 

mandatory markings on food items that indicate whether or not animal ingredients were used.

 

Recently, however, China’s and other countries’ meat consumption has been increasing likely due

 

to places like McDonalds being available and the cost of meat decreasing. Even though affording

 

meat and dairy is getting easier all over the world, veganism and vegetarianism is also becoming

 

increasingly popular in many places, like Thailand and Israel for example.

 

      A common reason why people choose a vegan lifestyle or a benefit to it is the impact on

 

the environment and global food supply. Factory farming is impacting the environment in a

 

negative way due to compromised air, wasted water, fecal contamination, dead zones,

 

deforestation, hormone contamination, and ransacked oceans. According to a 2006 United Nations

 

report, animal agriculture is “one of the the top two or three most significant contributors to the

 

most serious environmental problems, at every scale from local to global.” Perhaps the biggest

 

impact and threat to the environment caused by animal agriculture is deforestation due to livestock

 

grazing and burning down for use of the land. More than 40% of the United State’s total land mass

 

is used to raise animals for food. 260 million acres of land in the United States has already been

 

cleared for livestock grazing. This depletes our forests, endangers the populations of animals in

 

those forests, and degrades the soil. Factory farms also release tons of greenhouse gases and toxic

 

pollutants such as hydrogen sulfide and ammonia into the air every year and not only do farms use

 

water to provide animals to drink and for irrigation, they also use scarce freshwater resources to

 

flush manure out of barns. Worldwide, 87% of the use of freshwater in the United States is used

 

in agriculture and agriculture accounts for 93% of water depletion worldwide. Agriculture is also

 

the single largest source of water pollution in rivers and lakes. Fecal waste from factory farms

 

runs off into groundwater, and eventually into the sea and due to its toxins and other pollutants, it

 

can kill many fish and potentially devastate marine ecosystems. Waste generated by factory farms

 

has already polluted more than 35,000 miles of rivers in 22 states, and contaminated groundwater

 

in 17 states. Fertilizer spills are also common and when it contaminates groundwater, massive

 

numbers of marine organisms and other animals die. This severely threatens the populations of the

 

marine animals in the oceans and the sanitation of the water, as is our consumption of marine

 

species. “According to a Food and Agriculture Organization estimate, more than 70 percent of the

 

world’s fish species are either fully exploited or depleted, and researchers have warned that all fish

 

may be gone by the year 2048 if overfishing trends continue.” (“Factory Farming: Destroying the

 

Environment”). Another environmental impact of animal agriculture is the hormones that enter soil,

 

ground surface, and groundwater through cow manure. Aquatic ecosystems are the most

 

vulnerable to these hormone residues and there have been studies to show that there have been

 

substantial effects on the gender and reproductive capabilities of fish and marine animals.

 

Side/endnote:

This is as far as I’ve gotten but it is not a complete essay. I have more information to include and the conclusion hasn’t been written yet. I think it is acceptable for a rough first draft although it isn’t finished and isn’t that well organized.

 

Bibliography

"101 - Reasons to Go Vegan - Presentation." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4HJcq8qHAY%3E">https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4HJcq8qHAY>;.

"57 Health Benefits of Going Vegan." 57 Health Benefits of Going Vegan. NursingDegree.Net, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.

"About BSE." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/bse/%3E">http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/bse/>;.

Campbell, T. Colin, and Thomas M. Campbell. The China Study. Dallas, TX: BenBella, 2005. Print.

Carrington, Clark, Ph.D, and Michael Bolger, Ph.D. "An Exposure Assessment for Methylmercury from Seafood for Consumers in the United States." Www.FDA.gov. U.S. Federal Food and Drug Administration, n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/UCM114740.pdf%3E">http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/FoodborneIllnessContaminants/UCM1...;.

Carus, Felicity. "UN Says Go Vegan." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 02 June 2010. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.

"Chapter 11. Calcium." Www.fao.org. FAO, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y2809e/y2809e0h.htm%3E">http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y2809e/y2809e0h.htm>;.

Collison, David, Dr. "Human Anatomy & Physiology Compared with Carnivores, Herbivores & Omnivores." Huntly Centre. The Huntly Centre, July 2009. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://www.huntlycentre.com.au/updates/posts/view/82%3E">http://www.huntlycentre.com.au/updates/posts/view/82>;.

"Dietary Protein and Weight Reduction." Dietary Protein and Weight Reduction. American Heart Association, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/104/15/1869.full.pdf%2Bhtml?ijkey=bb50bbddf6e7f5d32226a52632df941c5de41993%3E">http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/104/15/1869.full.pdf%2Bhtml?ijk...;.

"Ethical Reasons For Going Vegan." Www.vegansociety.org.za. SA Vegan Society, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.vegansociety.org.za/why-vegan/ethics.html%3E">http://www.vegansociety.org.za/why-vegan/ethics.html>;.

"Factory Farming: Destroying the Environment." Www.farmsanctuary.com. Farm Sanctuary, Inc., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. a href="http://www.farmsanctuary.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Environment-Brochure-FINAL-3-24-09.pdf%3E">http://www.farmsanctuary.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Environment...;.

"Factory Farms." Www.awellfedworld.org. A Well-Fed World, n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2014. a href="http://awellfedworld.org/issues/animalprotection%3E">http://awellfedworld.org/issues/animalprotection>;.

Forks Over Knives. Dir. Lee Fulkerson. Perf. Lee Fulkerson, Matthew Lederman, Alona Pulde, T. Colin Campbell, Caldwell Esselstyn Jr. 2011. DVD.

Freedman, Rory, and Kim Barnouin. Skinny Bitch. S.l.: Running, 2005. Print.

Graham, Douglas N. The 80/10/10 Diet. Key Largo, FL: Foodnsport, 2006. Print.

Grant, John D., M.D. "Food for Thought … and Health: Making a Case for Plant-based Nutrition." Food For Thought... and Health. The College of Family Physicians of Canada, Sept. 2012. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC3440258%2F>.

Greger, Michael, M.D. "Plant-based Diets." NutritionFacts.org. NutritionFacts.org, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. a href="http://nutritionfacts.org/topics/plant-based-diets/%3E">http://nutritionfacts.org/topics/plant-based-diets/>;.

"Hormones." Www.sustainabletable.org. GRACE Communications Foundation, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.sustainabletable.org/258/hormones%3E">http://www.sustainabletable.org/258/hormones>;.

"Jain Dietary Customs." Www.clovegarden.com. Clove Garden, n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://www.clovegarden.com/diet/jain.html%3E">http://www.clovegarden.com/diet/jain.html>;.

"Jain Dietary Customs." Www.clovegarden.com. Clove Garden, n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://www.clovegarden.com/diet/jain.html%3E">http://www.clovegarden.com/diet/jain.html>;.

Joyce, Andrew, Sarah Dixon, Jude Comfort, and Jonathan Hallett. "Reducing the Environmental Impact of Dietary Choice: Perspectives from a Behavioural and Social Change Approach." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 17 June 2012. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3382952/%3E">http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3382952/>;.

"Mercury and Health." Www.who.int. World Health Organization (WHO), n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.who.int%2Fmediacentre%2Ffactsheets%2Ffs361%2Fen%2F>.

"Mercury Levels in Fish and Shellfish (1990-2010)." Www.FDA.gov. U.S. Federal Food and Drug Administration, 10 June 2013. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/metals/ucm115644.htm%3E">http://www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/metals/ucm1156...;.

Meyer-Renschhausen, E., and A. Wirz. "Dietetics, Health Reform and Social Order: Vegetarianism as a Moral Physiology. The Example of Maximilian Bircher-Benner (1867-1939)."National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 18 Dec. 1999. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1044148/%3E">http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1044148/>;.

Moran, Victoria. "Page 50: Veganism - Vegetarian Times." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=aQgAAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false%3E">http://books.google.com/books?id=aQgAAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA50#v=onepage...;.

Nelson, Jeff. "New Study: Increased Milk Intake Does NOT Protect Against Osteoporosis." VegSource.com. VegSource Interactive, Inc., n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.vegsource.com/news/2010/12/new-study-increased-milk-intake-does-not-protect-against-osteoporosis-but-does-promote-ovarian-and-p.html%3E">http://www.vegsource.com/news/2010/12/new-study-increased-milk-inta...;.

"Questions and Answers about Ammonium Hydroxide Use in Food Production." Www.foodinsight.org. International Food Information Council Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://www.foodinsight.org/Resources/Detail.aspx?topic=Questions_and_Answers_about_Ammonium_Hydroxide_Use_in_food_production%3E">http://www.foodinsight.org/Resources/Detail.aspx?topic=Questions_an...;.

Schneider, Nathan. "Introduction to Veganism." Www.candidhominid.com. Blogger, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.candidhominid.com%2Fp%2Fveganism.html%23%3F1%23%3F1%23WebrootPlugIn%23%3F1%23%3F1%23PhreshPhish%23%3F1%23%3F1%23agtpwd>.

Stengler, Mark A., NMD. "Is Your Body Too Acidic?" Www.bottomlinepublications.com. Boardroom, Inc., n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.bottomlinepublications.com/content/article/natural-remedies/is-your-body-too-acidic%3E">http://www.bottomlinepublications.com/content/article/natural-remed...;.

"Tracking and Reporting Foodborne Disease Outbreaks." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://www.cdc.gov/features/dsfoodborneoutbreaks/%3E">http://www.cdc.gov/features/dsfoodborneoutbreaks/>;.

Valentine, Jennifer. "Infographic: Veganism and The Environment." One Green Planet. One Green Planet, 12 July 2012. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.

Van Der Pols, Jolieke C., Chris Bain, David Gunnell, George Davey Smith, Clare Frobisher, and Richard M. Martin. "Childhood Dairy Intake and Adult Cancer Risk: 65-y Follow-up of the Boyd Orr Cohort1–3." Http://ajcn.nutrition.org/. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/86/6/1722.full.pdf%3E">http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/86/6/1722.full.pdf>;.

"Veganism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Apr. 2014. Web. 01 May 2014. a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veganism%3E">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veganism>;.

"Vegetarianism By Country." En.wikipedia.org. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetarianism_by_country%3E">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetarianism_by_country>;.

"When Friends Ask: Where Do You Get Your Protein?" The McDougall Newsletter - When Friends Ask: Where Do You Get Your Protein? John McDougall, n.d. Web. 01 May 2014.

"Why Vegan?" Www.veganoutreach.org. VeganOutreach, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.

"World History of Vegetarianism." Www.vegsoc.org. The Vegetarian Society of the United Kingdom Limited, n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. a href="https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=830%3E">https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=830>;.

Yourofsky, Gary. "All About Veganism." ADAPTT. ADAPTT, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.

Views: 2743

Comment

You need to be a member of 30 Bananas a Day! to add comments!

Join 30 Bananas a Day!

Comment by BananaStatesofMurica! RAW OR DIE on July 31, 2014 at 1:43pm

Yeah per capita meat consumption has gone up a lot

There was no "paleo man" stuffing his face with 1/4 pounders all day and garbage food, meat was hard to come by and a lot of the crap today didn't exist

Comment by pradtf on July 30, 2014 at 1:37pm

hi bree! this is a comprehensive essay with considerable educational value!

i think you are a fine writer too.

one suggestion i have would be to organize the essay into sections with headings. you have a lot of content and headings facilitate reading.

depending on how the essay is presented, you may want to embed the reference links right into the text.

you may want to check this date: 3,2000 BCE ;)

in friendship,

prad

Comment by Taka on July 30, 2014 at 4:39am

@BSOA when looking at the growth of meat consumption you should take graphs that are per capita, otherwise you just see the result of population growth (combined with per capita meat consumption growth)

Comment by BananaStatesofMurica! RAW OR DIE on July 30, 2014 at 12:21am

So far so good. 

I read most, all but not every word. Some concepts that I believe would fit in nicely to round out the essay, make it comprehensive.

1. Explain the etymology of the word "vegan"(the study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history). Give several examples of how the meaning of "vegan" and "veganism" have changed in modern history. Then make several mentions of examples of  how veganism has existed for thousands of years across the glove and has manifested itself differently in different societies. You will get brownie points with your professor for mentions of Greece, Rome, or any well known philosophers. 

2. I would also make a point how the definition of "standard diet" has changed. Specifically people consume massively more animal products than before. Just from 1960 to today t here is a 50% increase! Try to find the data going back 100 years or more and you will likely see at least a 100% increase! What we think of as "Standard American Diet" is drastically different than what people at 50 years ago!!!!! 

https://www.google.com/search?q=meat+consumption+us+by+year&tbm...

3. Explain how "people come to acquire their diet". Give some examples from modern day telling how drastically diets around the world are, and "how children learn to eat what they do", the cycle of parenting, the effect of marketing. Don't go TOO in depth here because it will be the most difficult section to defend, but it deserves a mention and be pragmatic.

I could go on...if you have some specific questions...or ideas it would be wise to post them...to get an idea of what you are looking for......

About

TheBananaGirl created this Ning Network.

30BaD Search

Latest Activity

pradtf replied to pradtf's discussion great site with nutritional research information
yesterday
OrganicMark posted a status
"12 Reasons Why Negative Rates Will Devastate The World #evolution #awakening #peace #truth #love #light #now http://j.mp/31FPK4a"
yesterday
OrganicMark posted a status
"Recession Countdown Begins: Treasury 2s10s Yield Curve Inverts For 1st Time In 12 Yrs; 30Y Yield Drops To All Time Low http://j.mp/2Z56cte"
Friday
Frugisaurus posted a discussion
Aug 12
Frugisaurus and Cyril are now friends
Aug 12
pradtf replied to pradtf's discussion great site with nutritional research information
Aug 12
OrganicMark posted a status
"It’s Time To Expose These False Flags - Episode 1937c #evolution #awakening #peace #truth #love #light #now http://j.mp/2YBDept"
Aug 8
Frugisaurus and fruity78 are now friends
Aug 6
Carol Gay Fagerhaugh posted a status
"Hi ! 30 Bananas ! Can anyone direct me to a fruit and veggie calorie list? Thanks CG"
Aug 5
Profile IconA. Fruitarian and Alex Smith joined 30 Bananas a Day!
Aug 5
pradtf replied to pradtf's discussion great site with nutritional research information
Aug 5
OrganicMark posted a status
"Google 'Very Biased At Every Level' And 'Will Attempt To Influence 2020 Election': Former Engineer #truth #light #now http://bit.ly/2yDhzxz"
Aug 5
ﻻan mangostan commented on Marina's group I'm single, you're single. Let's mingle!
Aug 3
OrganicMark posted a status
"Trump can be President beyond 2024 #evolution #awakening #peace #truth #love #light #now http://bit.ly/332C6cZ"
Aug 3
OrganicMark posted a status
"The Fasting Cure Is No Fad #organic #fruits #vegetables #health #weightloss #longevity https://on.wsj.com/2LX3XWx"
Aug 3
Jelle replied to FruitinLove's discussion Does everybody have a soulmate? in the group I'm single, you're single. Let's mingle!
Aug 2

© 2019   Created by TheBananaGirl.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service